Mixed xylene, or Dimethyl benzene, is an aromatic hydrocarbon commonly produced by the methylation of benzene and toluene. It is actually a colorless, clear, toxic, flammable liquid that is often used as a solvent in various industries.
What is a mixed xylene?
Formulated by the C6H4 (CH3) 2 molecular formula, it consists of a benzene ring with two methyl groups attached in different positions. The commercial grade of the laboratory, which in the industry refers to exactly the same mixture of xylene, consists of forty-five to sixty percent of the mixture of xylene and more than twenty percent of orto and para-xylene and ethylene-benzene.
Advantages and properties of mixed xylene?
It has a high octane number as well as a low vapor pressure and is also an excellent solvent, which is usually used instead of toluene when it needs to be dried more slowly.
Use of mixed xylene?
It is used in the manufacture of various products in various sectors of the industry, for example in dentistry, in histology laboratory for tissue processing, staining and slip coating, in re-treatment of roots as solvent by Gota Perka, in leather manufacturing, rubber manufacturing and printing industries. In the production of paints, adhesives, polishes, lubricants and inks, plating, paper, detergents and cleaners, in small amounts in aircraft fuel, gasoline and cigarette smoke, as a supplement with benzene is added to gasoline and in reactions Synthesis is used as an intermediary.
Due to the fact that this material is one of the flammable materials and its vapors can form an explosive mixture with room air at a temperature of less than 17 degrees, it is necessary to keep it in storage in suitable safety conditions. Also considering this point. The vapors of this substance cause slight irritation of the eyes and its direct contact with the skin of the hands causes irritation and redness of the skin. It is recommended to use gloves, hats, masks and safety clothes when using, moving and long-term contact with it.